The tenant’s responsibilities for maintenance and rental repairs are not covered by the rental lease model, which has been required since August 1, 2015.
We shall see that the full list of repairs that the renter is responsible for paying for is contained in a decree that you should add to the lease.
It includes a comprehensive description hvac repair of the tenant’s responsibilities for maintaining his home over the term of the lease. It is a crucial addendum to facilitate responsibility arbitration and prevent any disputes.
The meaning of rental repairs under law
Prior to the introduction of the standard lease, the tenant’s responsibilities were frequently referred to in rental contracts, and most of the time reiterated. In particular, the tenant was required to “take responsibility for the day-to-day maintenance of the accommodation, the equipment mentioned in the contract and minor repairs, as well as all rental repairs defined by the decree of the Council of State, except if they are caused by obsolescence, poor workmanship, cons, or defects.” […]
These upkeep and hvac installation duties are postponed by the new standard lease model and are covered by the annexes we automatically provide with our online rental agreement.
The information notice (which may be found here) must be annexed to the lease and outlines the requirements for rental repairs as set forth in the decree of August 26, 1987:
As a result, the tenant is responsible for all rental repairs, the list of which is defined by decree (4), unless they are brought on by obsolescence, poor workmanship, construction defects, fortuitous events, or force majeure; routine maintenance; minor repairs to the dwelling and the equipment mentioned in the contract (such as maintenance in a state of cleanliness; replacement of light bulbs; etc.);
Rental maintenance in action
In order to prevent disputes during the lease or at the exit inventory, the list of rental repairs seeks to specify the tenant’s obligations explicitly.
We’ll see that there are many different ways to interpret whether or not the renter is responsible for these repairs in actual life.
The rental repairs list is broken down into comprehensive sections:
Exterior areas that are solely for the tenant’s usage
So, it certainly involves gutter cleaning and other external conduit care in addition to driveway, garden, and terrace upkeep.
apertures on the inside and outside
Greasing the doors and shutters is often the extent of the upkeep of the apertures. In addition, the renter is liable for replacing damaged windows and sealants as well as tiny parts.
On these topics, particularly the lock repair and the blinds and shutters repair, we have created a number of practical documents
on interior elements
The renter is responsible for keeping the walls, floors, and ceilings in good repair under this general definition of “internal components.”
Hence, the renter is responsible for fixing any tiny wallpaper fittings, parquet slats, or carpet holes as well as, if required, vitrifying or cleaning them.
The most controversial issue is rental repairs.
In essence, the renter is responsible for replacing the seals and hoses in these items. Moreover, the septic tank may need to be emptied, and taps and other areas with limescale buildup may need to be descaling. Here are numerous pages with information on fixing the heating mantle, controlling water leaks throughout the lease, and even maintaining the septic tank.
equipment for electrical installations
Lighting bulb maintenance and replacement are the tenant’s responsibility, as are switches, electrical outlets, insulating strips, etc.
Additional equipment listed in the leasing agreement
The renter is liable for minor repairs on equipment such as refrigerators, extractor hoods, air conditioning, televisions, etc. in furnished or unfurnished leases, it should be noted.
We advise you to include a furniture supply clause for vacation rentals in order to prevent having to repair damaged items.
Tenant’s denial of maintenance
It’s conceivable that the tenant will not pay for the repairs despite the list of required maintenance that is annexed to the lease. According to us, the equipment’s obsolescence—which we cover in great depth in our fact sheet on obsolescence—is the only justifiable explanation.
For the reasons mentioned above and more, the tenant’s claim is invalid. The regulation can be put into effect in two different ways.
You can take care of an urgent repair by trying to re-bill the renter and, if required, provide him official notice to pay. We find it difficult to entrust it to the court unless the sum is substantial.
The second option is still available; it entails waiting until the end of the lease to deduct money from the security deposit for repairs that were either paid for by the owner but not reimbursed, particularly for emergency issues like water damage, but were not completed by the tenant (such as changing seals or switches).
Leaks of Refrigerants
If the refrigerant in your air conditioner is low, either it was installed improperly or it has leaks. Just adding more refrigerant won’t fix a leak. Any leaks should be fixed, the repair should be tested, and then the system should be charged with the appropriate amount of refrigerant. Keep in mind that your air conditioner will operate at its best performance and efficiency when the refrigerant charge precisely fits the manufacturer’s standard and is neither undercharged nor overcharged. Environmental impact can result from refrigerant leakage.
Filters and air conditioning coils will become clogged if you don’t clean them, which will cause the air conditioner to malfunction and put a premature end to the compressor or fans.
Electric control malfunction
In particular, when an enormous system constantly cycles the air conditioner on and off, the compressor and fan controls are susceptible to wear. Electrical connections and contacts should be inspected during a qualified service visit since corrosion of wires and terminals is an issue in many systems.
Underneath the control panel of room air conditioners is a thermostat sensor that gauges the temperature of the air entering the evaporative coil. The air conditioner may operate randomly or cycle continuously if the sensor is knocked out of place. Adjust the sensor’s location by carefully bending the wire that holds it in place so that it is close to the coil but without touching it.