What are electric car charging levels and types of EV charging?
The first thing to realise is that there are several alternative ways to charge your automobile, unlike with gasoline and diesel engines. There are essentially two crucial terms for your automobile that you must comprehend and use.
Charging Levels: A few important bands that represent the maximum power at which you may charge an electric vehicle (Levels 1 to 3)
The physical plug connector type that connects to your electric vehicle is known as a charging type.
There are a few various levels or charging rates, unlike gas stations. While they all deliver electricity, the rates at which they do so vary. “Levels” refer to the charging rates; normally, the greater the level, the faster the charging.
The difference between L1, L2 and L3 EV charging in Australia and NZ
This works best with lower battery sizes, as those seen in PHEVS (Petrol-hybrid electric vehicles), or when there is more time to charge the battery. For those who drive more than 40 kilometers per day, level 1 charging at work may be an additional option, or it may even be a viable alternative for those who are unable to charge at home (for lack of a garage or dedicated parking space, for instance). EVolution advises only using this electric car charger if you travel less than 4000 miles annually.
The car is directly wired into the electrical system using a particular plug and socket as well as a separate circuit. This is the most typical level for public and residential billing. Up to 19.2 kilowatts (KM), or roughly 70 miles of range per hour of charging, can be achieved at Level 2, which offers a wide range of charging rates. Because Level 2 charging uses higher voltage and amperage, it is completed significantly more quickly. To handle the extra electrons and the heat they produce, however, more durable equipment and wiring are needed.
DC Level 3 deployment is the most expensive since it necessitates extensive panel and service changes.
Typically, 10 minutes of charging results in a 70km range. In general, you won’t need as much electricity for your daily commute as these stations do, which is more than your home uses. For operators of gas stations, highways, street side charging, fleet vehicles, and for some commercial users, EVolution suggests Level 3 DC Fast charging. For a stand-alone station that is not networked with other stations, the cost of a DC Charge station starts at $25,000 and rises to $60,000 for a sophisticated, networked station. Multiple-unit buyers are eligible for volume discounts.
The distinction between AC and DC charging, or destination vs. DC Fast Chargers, is discussed here. Since AC electricity is what the electrical system provides, it is simple to get. Your EV battery pack is DC, though.
Level 1 or Level 2 charging is AC charging. Your EV’s onboard inverter transforms AC power to DC electricity so that it may be stored in the battery when you connect to AC power.
Level 3 charging often uses DC. This enables faster and more effective charging because the current bypasses the AC/DC inverter and is routed directly into the battery.