The units for measuring an Indian land differ from one Indian state to another. When it comes to Northern India, units like Marla, Bigha, Kattha, Kanal, Biswa, and others are standard and typical. Still, when it concerns Southern India, Cent, Ground, Ankanam, and Guntha measurements are utilized frequently. On the other hand, in East Indian states such as Assam, West Bengal, and Tripura, notable measuring units comprise Chatak, Dhur, Kattha, and Lecha. 

It’s entirely different in Indian states such as Gujarat and Rajasthan; units like Bigha, Biswa, and Biswansi are prevalent. Even though the regional measuring unit is still in use, traditional units like Square Feet, Acres, Square Yards (also called Gaz), Square Meters, and many more are becoming a  bit widespread throughout the entire country. This article talks about how bigha in India is utilized in various ways throughout the country, how to convert the measurement unit, and get answers to the most common questions concerning land area measurement units. But, first of all, let’s begin afresh.

What is Bigha?

The bigha in India is one of India’s traditional units of land measurement. Moreover, it’s used by people in Uttarakhand, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Assam, West Bengal, Gujarat, and Rajasthan, but not in the southern parts of the country. Speaking of which, a bigha’s size can vary incredibly from one area to another. Besides, conversion from bigha is undoubtedly conceivable. However, there’s no comparable terminology in English for this. 

Prominence of Bigha

This unit of measurement has been utilized in India for an extended period. In India, it’s still in use. However, there are many regional differences or transformations in value. Besides internally recognized units, various regional ones are still in use when it comes to land measuring throughout the country. Speaking of which, bigha in India is a land measuring unit widely used as one of the benchmarks in several states of the nation. Its significance as a measuring unit can quickly be determined or addressed by the simple fact that it’s used in several other South Asian countries, including Nepal and Bangladesh. 

Numerous people associate themselves with bigha. Moreover, they imply myriad symbolic definitions, the most popular of which is provided by a renowned director Bimal Roy in his Do Bigha Zameen. This movie revolutionized the cinematic structure and was inspired by Tagore’s famous poem ‘Dui Bigha Jomi.’ As it can be witnessed, Bigha has been synonymous with land measurements for several years. Such a fact has benefited its widespread use in the Indian real estate landscape, primarily for acquiring sales in semi-urban and rural areas. 

Use of Bigha Across India

Land purchases and sales (primarily agricultural property) utilizing Bigha is still made unofficially across India. On the other hand, official land records record the region’s land in square meters or hectares. The size of this term changes on the basis of where you reside in the country. For instance, a bigha is measured differently in some states and frequently in numerous places within a similar state. It usually is less than a single acre (4,047 square meters or 43,560 square feet) but could be as significant as three acres, which is 1.2 hectares.

  1. In Assam, a bigha is 14,400 square feet or 1,340 m2. Furthermore, it is split into five Katha. Every Katha is made of 20 Lessa, each of which equals around 144 square feet or 13.4 m2 in size. Consequently, every Katha is close to 2,880 square feet or 268 m2 in size. However, this can vary from region to region regarding Assam.
  2. Having said that, the size of it can vary in different areas of Bihar. One bigha equals 20 Katha in Patna, the capital of Bihar. One Katha is close to 1,361 square feet or 126.4 m2. As a result, one bigha equals 27,220 square feet.
  3. Moreover, 1 bigha is equal to 6,804 square feet in the north Indian state, Uttarakhand.
  1. 5 bigha is equal to one acre or 43,560 square feet in the Himalayan state, Himachal Pradesh. As a result, when it concerns bigha in Himachal Pradesh, it equals 8712 square feet.
  2. In Uttarakhand, a single Bigha unit is split into 12 Nali, 20 Biswas, or 6,804 square feet.
  3. One bigha is equal to 9,070 square feet in Punjab.
  4. One bigha also equals 27,225 square feet in Haryana.

In the end, Pucca vs. Kuchha Bigha: What’s The Difference?

You might have understood that the content above comprises two forms of bigha in Rajasthan: kuchha (crude) and pucca (ripe). But, what exactly is the difference between the two? Not only is it in Rajasthan, but also in the regions of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Bihar. These two units are in use in these states as well. While the pakka and pucca bigha were more generally utilized, landlords most likely used the Kucha unit while dealing with their respective tenants. Early landlords ‘standardized’ both measures differ from area to area.

By Williumson

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