Periodontists specialize in gum disease treatment and the supporting structures around teeth. These structures include the gingiva, alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament. During this procedure, peridontics Smithfield VA will assess the depth of the spaces between the teeth and treat gum disease. For more information about peridontics, read this article. To learn more, visit www.peridontics.org. Once you’ve read this article, you’ll be better equipped to understand the field and how to choose a peridontist.
Periodontists measure the depth of the spaces between teeth
When you visit a periodontist, they will measure the pockets in your gums and teeth. Healthy gum tissue will have a depth of one to three millimeters, while pockets between four and six millimeters may indicate periodontal disease. If the pockets are deeper than four millimeters, you may have a tooth or teeth that are infected with bacteria or are otherwise in bad shape.
To measure the pockets, the periodontist will use a special probe. This tool is placed gently between the gum and tooth and measures the depth of the gum pocket. The probe has markings hidden underneath the gum, which indicate the depth of the pockets. Each tooth has six areas to measure. If the spaces are deeper than five millimeters, the periodontist may also order a dental X-ray.
They remove plaque and calculus
Peridontics remove plaque and calculus from teeth. The presence of calculus is an indicator of gum disease, which in turn can lead to other health problems. Plaque buildup can bleed and swell your gums, which are symptoms of gingivitis, a condition associated with periodontal disease. In addition, periodontal disease has been linked to an increased risk of coronary artery disease. Bacteria found on plaque and calculus can also enter the bloodstream, where they cause endocarditis, an infection of the inner lining of the heart.
Plaque and calculus build up on teeth and gum tissue, and eventually harden into calculus, which creates a rough surface and a breeding ground for harmful bacteria. Periodontal disease can lead to bone and tooth loss. Unfortunately, poor oral hygiene is one of the main causes of gum disease. The presence of plaque and calculus on teeth causes gum irritation and inflammation, triggering an immune response that damages tissue and bone.
They smooth irregular surfaces of the bone
A procedure called periodontal smoothing can be used to repair damaged areas of the bone. This treatment helps prevent the formation of gum pockets by reshaping the irregular surfaces of the bone. The result is a more stable gum and teeth area, and increased chance of saving the tooth. Another benefit of periodontal smoothing is the removal of bacteria and deposits that can cause gum disease. This procedure has been performed on more than 1 million people.
They treat gum disease
When you have gum disease, your dentist will likely use a variety of treatment methods to remove the disease and restore your gums. The best results come from early peridontics Smithfield VA treatment before it causes damage to the supporting tissues and teeth. Early warning signs of gum disease include red, swollen, bleeding gums. Nonsmokers typically have better results than smokers. Some of the more common treatment options include root planing and debridement.
For patients who have deep pockets of gum tissue and tooth decay, gum lift surgery may be necessary. During this procedure, the gums are lifted off the teeth and tartar and plaque are removed. The gums are then sutured back into place. Sometimes, bone grafting is necessary to rebuild or restore the bone surrounding a tooth. These procedures allow the tooth to be more stable in the jawbone. While peridontics treatments are expensive, they can give you a smile you’ve always wanted.