Laravel Security Features

Laravel is an open-source and widely preferred PHP framework that is popular for building trustworthy and powerful web applications. It is popular for its incredible features like expressive and elegant syntax. It is a modern PHP development framework that also supports Model-View-Controller (MVC) patterns for web development. 

So stay tuned and keep reading, we will elaborate and explain the best security features of Laravel that will boost your web application. 

Ten Best Security Features of Laravel 

CSRF (cross-site request forgery) protection

Laravel has a security feature that protects against different types of attacks such as CSRF. It also ensures that each request comes from a valid source rather than an unknown third party attacker. In simple words, it protects from the actions when unauthorised commands are conducted on behalf of an authenticated user. 

In case the CSRF finds a threading request then it denies access by returning an HTTP 500 error. Laravel uses the CSRF token or Form Classes Token Method by default and its predefined filter is embedded in the source code. 

Session management

In Laravel, sessions are used to store the data of the user across the request. It allows accessing numerous drivers like prominent files, array, cookie, Memcached, APC, Redis and databases to handle session data. The file driver is considered a versatile and lightweight option that suits many web applications and programs and it is applied by default in Laravel. 

However, it should be noted that Memcached and Redis boost session performance and it is advisable to use them for a wider production environment. Along with that, a session can be configured in the file stored at config/session.php.

Authorization Technique For Coding

The most significant part of the coding process of an application is the authentication as well as authorization, and it gets ensured by Laravel. Along with that, it has the feature that evaluates the time taken by the programmer working in Laravel Application Development Company for developing something new. This feature enhances the authority over the development process. 

Not only this, Laravel also consists of the logical technique that supports reforming authorization logic and it controls admittance to other resources effectively. With the integration of validation computer code into Laravel, the coding time can be minimised to a large extent. It provides flexibility to the programmers and developers through its feature of application reasoning. 

Strong Application Security

Laravel framework never compromises security. It comes with advanced and strong web application security features and these security features uses hashed and salted mechanisms in which passwords wouldn’t be saved in the plain text form into the database. 

It applies Bcrypt and Argon2 Hashing Algorithm for creating encrypted passwords. Along with that, the Laravel PHP framework utilises SQL statements that safeguard SQL injection attacks. 

XSS (Cross-site Scripting)

Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a computer security vulnerability that is often found in web apps. The XSS facilitates attackers to inject client-side scripts into web apps that would be viewed by other users. Attackers used cross-site scripting vulnerability to bypass access controls. 

So, whenever any malicious user having a wrong intent inputs any spam script into the field to access the page, then an alert window is shown to the user in the form of a pop-up.

The {{}} statement of Laravel is sent automatically by the PHP function to control XSS attacks. By applying this method, the programme can keep safe from XSS attacks. 

SQL Injection

SQL is a type of web security vulnerability through which an attacker interrupts the queries that an application makes to its database. SQL injection allows the attacker to view and change the data that they are not able to view in normal conditions. Further, if the attacker modifies the data then it may cause serious changes to the applications’ behaviour. 

To damage backend infrastructure or underlying server, the attacker can increase the SQL injection attack that may result in a denial of service attack.

To retard such SQL injection attacks, Laravel uses PDO parameter binding. It makes sure the attacker or malicious user can’t pass the query data that could change the query’s intent. 

Prevent DOS attack

There are two types of DOS attacks. In the first type of DOS attack, it sends a lot of requests to the server until it cannot support more requests which ultimately causes memory failure and server breakdown. One of the DOS attacks was The “slow loris” attack. So to prevent such types of attacks, we use Laravel throttle middleware and rate limiter that handle these attacks by IP. 

Another type of attack can happen through a public form. When your app has a public form to submit files, in this case, large data files may drain server memory. To prevent this type of attack we can employ the Laravel API security validator that validates the file from the requests. 

Encryption

Encryption is a best practice to protect sensitive data from external bad intent users or attackers. Laravel uses the OpenSSL library for encryption that provides AES-256 and AES-128 types of encryption. It also ensures to stop any kind of modification of the encrypted data by an unauthorised user. Laravel uses Message Authentication Code (MAC) for signing encrypted values. 

During encryption, encrypted values are passed through “serialise” which allows the encryption of arrays and objects. You can use “encryptString” and “decryptString” queries to encrypt or decrypt the values without serialisation.

Hence, to activate this security feature, add the “Key” option in the “config/app.php” configuration file. 

XML External Entities (XXE)

It is a type of attack that happens against an application that parses XML input. In this attack, internal files are accessed using external entities with the help of a file URI handler, internal files shares, remote coding and internal port scanning. 

Disable external entity resolution using the default PHP XML parser to prevent such attacks. However, keep the XML updated and use SOAP v1.2 or a higher version where applicable. 

Access Control List

Laravel access control list gives role-based permissions to the authentication process. It protects the routes as well as CRUD controller methods in the web apps. 

Using Laravel ACL, you can limit user permissions effectively in a simple way. With a small adjustment, you can prefer ACL for your project. There are several ACL packages available for professional and customizable programs. 

Conclusion

We have mentioned the ten best Laravel security features that make it a perfect choice for your web application. These features show why the Laravel framework is a popular choice for developers. Apart from that, it has so many other functionalities that you should explore while using it.

You can easily hire dedicated laravel developers who can help you to incorporate the security features of laravel in your project. They can also guide you to build potent web and app solutions using Laravel Framework.

By admin