Surrogacy Process: A Complete Guide

Becoming parents to a child you can call your own is a blessing many people acquire today through surrogacy. While it may be one of the most expensive decisions of their lives, intended parents still opt to create their families. It is a lengthy process expanding almost a year and includes several tests to ensure that both the surrogate and the intended parents are ready for this fulfilling journey.

Here is a complete guide to help you get familiar with the process of surrogacy-

Getting Started with the Process of Surrogacy 

First, if you are working with an agency or even individually, you may want to get your assessments in line. These will include the following-

Medical Tests:

You will be tested for common infections that may harm the baby, surrogacy, or the surrogate by your clinic at the time of donation. These tests are for HIV, Hepatitis-B, Hepatitis-C, HTLV, and other STDs and infections.

Fertility Tests:

The father and mother donating their sperm and eggs will be screened for various fertility tests separately.

Male Donor Screening:

Male donors will be tested for sperm count, sperm quality, motility, and morphology. Men over 45 years of age are also checked for sperm fragmentation to assess their genetic health.

Female Donor Screening:

The genetic mother donating her eggs will get a blood test on the second day of her natural cycle. The test will analyze LH, FSH, Estradiol, and AMH hormonal levels. The donor will also get a follicle ultrasound to check the ovarian volume for a visible count of available egg follicles the clinic can retrieve.

Family Background Check:

Most agencies require a family background check for the surrogate and the intended parents. The investigation will look for criminal history, sex offenders, felonies, and other legal checks to determine if the families are suitable for a child.

Therapy and Counseling:

Your agency will ask you to visit a professional therapist with expertise in surrogacy. They can explain the entire process to you, and you can ask them if you have any concerns about the process of parenthood.

The Surrogacy Process-

The first step for any interested person would be to check out surrogacy agencies and fertility clinics. A surrogacy agent will provide the required information about the procedure to help you decide. The following process will begin once you have finalized an agency

Step #1- Conceiving Embryos:

Once your agency hooks you up with a well-planned surrogacy procedure, you will need an egg donor if the intended mother cannot produce fertile eggs. In any case, your chosen IVF center will conduct ovarian stimulation, which requires about two weeks. The egg donor will get hormone treatments to stimulate multiple egg follicles. The more the eggs to conceive, the better are your chances of a successful pregnancy. The father will also be required to donate his sperm which is a short task and can be done in an afternoon. Once conceived, the eggs are artificially fertilized through IVF in a lab. The embryos are then allowed to grow for about five days in an incubator and then frozen until they are ready to be transferred to the surrogate’s uterus.

Step #2- Finding Your Surrogate:

A gestational carrier is the next requirement you can find through an agency. Surrogacy agencies complete all the strict evaluations mentioned by the ASRM and legal requirements. You can also opt to find a surrogate on your own (called independent surrogacy), but it can take a long time and is often legally risky.

Step #3- Transferring the Embryo:

When you have signed a contract with your surrogate, your fertility clinic will begin stimulating her uterine wall to form a lining where the embryos can lodge. They will also provide her counseling on becoming a surrogate when needed. According to the guidelines by the ASRM, only one embryo per procedure can be transferred, so the best embryo is used while others are kept frozen for future use.

Step #4- Pregnancy and Prenatal Care:

Getting involved in the pregnancy and forming strong bonds with the surrogate is a good choice. However, both parties should agree on the degree of involvement to avoid discrepancies.

Step #5- Birth:

The baby is completely formed and ready to be delivered by week 38. Your obstetrician will predict the EDD by the middle of the third trimester. The birth will be dictated by a delivery plan including certain specifications approved by both parties.

About Rite Options-

If you wish to become a surrogate mother and help couples become parents in New York, you can visit and register with Rite Options. We are a full-service agency, from finding a perfect match to coordinating all medical, legal, psychological, and travel arrangements. Visit our website or call 1(516)512-8888 for more information.

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