Intelligent traffic management systems (ITMS) are a platform, technology, or application, which helps a city authority enhance transportation quality and attain allied outcomes. The technology helps to track, monitor, and improve transportation within or around a city. It relies on the collected data and the analysis of the same. After the installation of an ITMS to gather and analyze data, responsible personnel uses the results to plan, manage, and control transportation.
Uses of Intelligent traffic management systems
The implementation of an ITMS is done for obtaining several outcomes on transportation. One of the primary applications of this system is traffic management. Here are some other applications:
- Real-time parking management
- RFID in freight transportation
- Electronic toll collection
- Automated road speed enforcement
- Emergency vehicle notification systems
- Speed alerts
- Dynamic traffic light sequence
- Variable speed limits
- Collision avoidance systems
How does an ITMS work?
An Intelligent Traffic Management System follows a process, which helps traffic police or city administration to manage traffic in or around the city. With proper management and planning, the city roads become safer for residents. Here is how such a system works:
- Data Collection – In this, there are hardware requirements such as GPS, cameras, and sensors. The type of data includes speed & time, surveillance, traffic count, vehicle weight, location, and delays.
- Data Transmission – There is real-time and rapid data transmission between the traffic management centre and city roads.
- Data Analysis – It includes data cleaning, data synthesis, error rectification, and adaptive logical analysis.
- Intelligent Information – It includes real-time information about travel time, delay, travel speed, route changes, accidents on roads, work zone conditions, diversions, etc. Further, it includes the delivery of information via several electronic devices such as highway advisory radio, automated cell, SMS, variable message signs, etc.
Examples of ITEMS
In today’s world, you can come across several examples of intelligent transport system usage. Some of them are as follows:
- The city of Glasgow in Scotland uses an ITS to produce crucial information to its daily commuters. They have real-time information on bus timings, seat availability, the required time to reach a destination, the current location of a bus, the density of passengers inside the bus, and the next location of the bus.
- Based on mobile location data at night, the Seol Government has launched new bus services. The government joined hands with several telecom companies for the analysis of calls between 12 to 5 am. They matched the data with billing addresses to design the bus routes.
- In India, the DMRC has launched the run of driverless metro trains in its new routes.
Components of ITEMS
There are nine components of an integrated intelligent transportation system. They are as follows:
- Traffic signal control
- Freeway management
- Transit management
- Electronic fare payment
- Electronic toll payment
- Incident management
- Traveller information services
- Emergency Management services
- Railroad grade crossing safety
Benefits of installing ITMS in a city
The installation of intelligent traffic management systems is highly beneficial for the city administration. Some of the advantages of using ITMS are as follows:
- Capacity management
- Reduction in stops and delays at intersections
- Incident management
- Speed control & improvement
- Travel time improvement
- Safer roads